traumatic brain injury interventions

The location of the injury, the medical and rehabilitative care after the initial injury, the age of the individual and more can all affect how a traumatic brain injury heals and what effects linger. Inpatient stays are usually one to three weeks and the brain can continue healing for 12 months or more. Definition Also known as head injury. Identify nursing and medical interventions for patients with TBIs. Implement weekly checklists of household chores. If your is patient agitated, first look at the surrounding environment. These cookies do not store any personal information. Caregivers (including hospital staff) will also benefit from education on the injury and the nature of your patient’s cognitive impairment. A "closed head injury" may cause brain damage if something hits your head hard but doesn’t break through your skull. Discuss appropriate assessment of patients with TBIs. In patients who survive, TBIs can cause a wide range of problems. Alcohol and drug use. Treatment modalities vary extensively based on the severity of the injury and range from daily cognitive therapy sessions to radical surgery such as bilateral decompressive craniectomies. Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants are trained in helping adults and children with a broad range of issues in addition to traumatic brain injury, such as arthritis, stroke, and mood disorders. Mode of transport or transportation 4. Teach a person with TBI to compensate for problems with thinking, such as memory impairments. The changes to the brain after TBI can affect people’s ability to do daily activities (occupations). Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by an impact to the head from direct blows or sudden movements in other parts of the body, such as severe shaking. When managing the immediate and long-term consequences of such injuries, clinicians have many pharmacological options, including psychostimulants, antidepressants, antiparkinsonian agents, and anticonvulsants. It may also affect their roles, such as employee, spouse, parent, and friend.”. Abstract Background and purpose: Although most patients recover from a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) within 7-14 days, 10-30% of people will experience prolonged mTBI symptoms. We report rehabilitation interventions delivered to facilitate recovery of consciousness for patients with a traumatic brain injury. The most common type of brain injury, a concussion, is classified as a mild traumatic brain injury. Are several family members talking to the patient at once? Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden injury causes damage to your brain. Describe the pathphysiology of traumatic brain injury. “…individuals with TBI may have changes to their personality, trouble with memory, confusion, or poor judgment. If you are in an inpatient setting, you can recommend outpatient neuro rehab or community-based rehab for your patient to continue to work to regain the skills needed to thrive post-hospital discharge. People or provider (e.g., nosocomial agents, staffing patterns, cognitive, affective and p… Nutrients (e.g., vitamins, food types) 5. Don’t forget to add ongoing education about safety recommendations like grab bars, swallow precautions, impulsivity, etc. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Help the person adapt his or her home to accommodate the effects of a TBI. From The American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc., 2002. www.aota.org. Find What You Need It’s also very important to make sure you aren’t doing the same things! What would be most helpful for you? Think of it as taking physical breathers during the interventions, as your patient is working really hard cognitively to perform the task you’ve given them. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. I hope this post helped you form some ideas of what you can incorporate as cognitive interventions for your patients. Provide long-term support to a family member with a TBI. Recommend equipment that can aid a person in performing daily life activities with greater independence, such as a tub or shower seat to allow bathing without standing when the client has poor balance and grab bars for greater safety when getting in or out of a tub or shower. Depending on the severity of injury, a family caregiver or friend may need to help implement the following approaches: 1. According to “Rehabilitation following Brain Injury” BSRM guideline patient with traumatic brain … This Campbell systematic review examines the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation interventions to help adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) get competitive employment. In the most severe form of TBI, the entirety of the brain is affected by a diffuse type of injury and swelling. 3. Here are some factors that may be related to Risk for Injury: External 1. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Help the client minimize overstimulation and confusion in his or her environment. TBI can be classified based on severity (ranging from mild traumatic brain injury [mTBI/concussion] to severe traumatic brain injury), mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area). Since their brains are still growing, an injury can stop them from reaching important developmental milestones. Evaluate the client engaging in daily activities at home, such as dressing and eating; at work; and during leisure activities, and facilitate the resumption of those activities. Cognitive Interventions for Traumatic Brain Injury When working with patients affected by acquired or traumatic brain injuries for the first time, it can be challenging, exciting, and even stressful as an OT student or new occupational therapy practitioner. Occupational therapists can help people who have sustained a TBI. 2. It’s okay to take breathers. AOTA’s definition really sums it up pretty clearly and concisely, defining traumatic brain injury as…. 2775 South Quincy St. Arlington, VA 22206E-mail | Phone: 703.998.2020, © 2019 WETA All Rights Reserved | Contact Us, The American Occupational Therapy Association. Learn how your comment data is processed. These treatment ideas tie into ADLs/I-ADLs (these may differ from what works in your setting): Hopefully you have a training kitchen in your setting because you can work on so much cognitively with this activity. It also may depend on how much stimuli they are receiving, which can be a lot in the hospital – especially with staff that may not be educated in this area. For even more helpful information on traumatic brain injuries, be sure to also check out AOTA’s TBI Fact Page here. I highly, highly recommend reading this sheet so you can fully understand the continuum of care post-DC. Without the right treatment, traumatic brain injury in children can lead to serious complications later in life. Traumatic brain injuries come with a lot of uncertainties, as no two injuries are identical. Occupational therapy can get muddy with speech therapy since they are also working on attention, memory, problem-solving, etc. VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION Affiliations If you are not OK with this, you can opt-out if you wish. You can create these yourself by using a day planner, calendar, or creating a memory book to assist the patient in writing down what they have done that day. This will help your patient reduce the risk of any further accident or injury. This post was originally published on May 8, 2016 and updated on March 22, 2020. A number of strategies can help a person with traumatic brain injury cope with complications that affect everyday activities, communication and interpersonal relationships. Hours: 1.9 CE hours. Promote Cognitive Health with Brain Games for Seniors, 12 Perfect Gift Ideas for Occupational Therapists [2020], Tips for OTs Working with Patients Post-Total Shoulder Replacement, 10 Functional Standing Tolerance Activities for Occupational Therapists. Nutrition Following Traumatic Brain Injury: Recommendations for Education and Interventions Jessica Gottenborg MS, RD, LD Kelli Hall PharmD, BCPS Deborah Huddleston MD Diane Mortimer MD, MSN, FAAPMR . This is especially true if you have not been exposed to such a patient or any cognitive interventions for traumatic brain injury. This of course varies for each person. Get targeted resources quickly! If you are working in acute or subacute rehab with patients with brain injury, you will learn quickly that the patient’s brain might not be “healed” to it’s full potential. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be devastating, with death the worst-case scenario. You’ll want to really focus on the environment to make sure it’s not too cluttered or distracting. Occupational Therapy: Skills for the Job of Living Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by an impact to the head from direct blows or sudden movements in other parts of the body, such as severe shaking. CDC defines a traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a disruption in the normal function of the brain that can be caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or penetrating head injury. Additional codes that may be directly associated with the brain injury aspect of concussive events include S06.9X Unspecified intracranial injury, S06.2X Diffuse traumatic brain injury, and F07.81 Postconcussional syndrome. If they do not, you can get an inexpensive play money kit with coins and bills on Amazon and use it again and again with future patients with cognitive deficits to work on paying for purchases, ordering from a catalog, simple adding and subtracting, and budgeting. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results from trauma that involves any part of the brain and outwardly may affect ambulation, cognition, communication, swallowing, and performance of daily skills. Biological (e.g., immunization level of community, microorganism) 2. Please note that these interventions will also work for patients affected by an acute stroke or other new injury affecting their cognition. A traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as an intracranial injury, is an injury to the brain caused by an external force. If you’d add anything to this article, please share in the comments below. Be sure to grade these up or down and make sure each treatment fits into the “just-right challenge.” Treatments that are too difficult or too easy can lead to the patient being frustrated. Chemical (e.g., pollutants, poisons, drugs, pharmaceutical agents, alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, preservatives, cosmetics, and dyes) 3. Learn techniques to help the person with a TBI manage cognitive and physical problems. Don’t forget to educate their caregivers on these cuing tactics as well, since family can sometimes be overstimulating without realizing it. A small child should always sit in the back seat of a car secured in a child safety seat or booster seat that is appropriate for his or her size and weight. Regardless of the severity of the injury and length of rehabilitation services, advance communication and coordination between the hospital, therapists, family, and the school system is a critical first step in student’s returning to school. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a form of nondegenerative acquired brain injury, resulting from an external physical force to the head (e.g., fall) or other mechanisms of displacement of the brain within the skull (e.g., blast injuries). Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a form of nondegenerative acquired brain injury resulting from a bump, blow, or jolt to the head (or body) or a penetrating head injury that disrupts normal brain function (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). Indication for surgery in this type of injury is an intracerebral lesion with neurologic deterioration, and intracranial hypertension that is not responsive to medical management or signs of mass effect on CT (Figure 3). That’s why early intervention is so important. Join a support group. Are all of the fluorescent lights on brightly? Your patient may also demonstrate physical limitations, so remember to keep that in mind and incorporate interventions targeting those limitations as well. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The type and duration of intervention depend on how severe the injury. If a patient is showing signs of agitation or frustration, try not to stand right in front of them; give them space and try to remind yourself not to overstimulate them as you’re providing the intervention. Seat belts and airbags. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. “…an occurrence that happens when the person’s head is severely hit or shaken, or when an object goes into the brain, and can range from mild to severe.” AOTA’s TBI Fact Sheet, 2016. Traumatic brain injury (TBI), a form of acquired brain injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. Help the client perform simple tasks that are meaningful to the person’s life. Consistent with the diagnostic criteria detailed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed. Basic ADLs, that is. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Even mild TBIs can have lifelong … Traumatic Brain Injury / Concussion. I also want to point out that these cognitive interventions are not one-size-fits-all, and each patient will be different and respond differently. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue. You should also make post-discharge recommendations like 24 hour supervision when home. This can be just as detrimental as the above reasons. The Research Collaboration’s work is already showing the difference interventions can make. About 150 Americans die from TBI-related injuries each day. Don't drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs, including prescription medications that can impair the ability to drive. In the most severe form of TBI, the entirety of the brain is affected by a diffuse type of injury and swelling. Injuries can range from minor to extremely severe and call for various levels of intervention and treatment. Is the TV on loudly? Practitioners also help clients develop wellness techniques that may prevent injury and disease. When working with patients affected by acquired or traumatic brain injuries for the first time, it can be challenging, exciting, and even stressful as an OT student or new occupational therapy practitioner. If you’re looking for a deeper dive, be sure to check out all of the great CEUs covering brain injury and stroke rehab on MedBridge Online Continuing Education as well. For more detail on specific games to play based on your patient’s cognitive and physical deficits, check out this helpful article, Promote Cognitive Health with Brain Games for Seniors from Home Care Assistance. Traumatic Brain Injury EBP Systematic Reviews & Research Evidence-based practice (EBP) is based on the integration of critically appraised research results with the clinical expertise, and the client’s preferences, beliefs and values. This Evidence Connection describes a case report of an adult with traumatic brain injury (TBI), applying the evidence for intervention from the systematic reviews on TBI that were conducted in conjunction with the American Occupational Therapy Association’s (AOTA’s) … Be sure to keep this in mind before you bring your patient to a crowded gym. This article covers the traditional games as well as digital games. You can add pictures of family members with their names written down, important phone numbers, addresses and dates. You mention working with speech therapy however neglect the topic of working with physical therapy. Etiology And Pathophysiology Types of Traumatic Brain Injury Concussion – transient interruption in brain activity; … But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Do you notice nurses speaking loudly at/in front of the patient? Similar to collaborating with your speech therapy counterparts as mentioned above, if your PT counterparts are also working on cognition during mobility I would also check in with them to also ensure you aren’t doing the exact same interventions on the same day. Interventions reported may prompt OT practitioners to seek advanced training in preparatory stimulation methods. You want to ensure you are providing simple cues like “What is this?” or “Brush your hair” and “This is a shirt” if your patient is at this level. Whether your patient is or is not agitated, they all will benefit from low stimulation environments while their brain is healing. Three randomized controlled trials are included: two of military populations in the United States and two of the civilian population in China (Hong Kong). BrainLine is powered in part by agenerous grant from: BrainLine is a national service of WETA-TV, the flagship PBS station in Washington, D.C. BrainLine, WETA Public Television If your hospital has a pre-made medication management kit, then you’re all set to help your patient practice setting up daily medications using the pill box organizer and fake medications. A person with traumatic brain injury and his or her family likely will need long-term assistance. A "penetrating head injury" occurs when an object breaks through your skull and enters your brain. Is the disruption of normal brain function due to trauma-related injury resulting in compromised neurologic function resulting in focal or diffuse symptoms. Injuries may be primary, due to impact, and secondary, due to inciting events, such as edema, seizures, and increased intracranial pressure (ICP). What OT topics are you most interested in? The most common causes of TBI are car and motorcycle accidents, falls, and other accidents that result in trauma to the head. The goal of this communication should be to gather medical and functional information to assist the school in developing an appropriate and individualized plan for the student’s reentry int… Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Further Resources for Treating Traumatic Brain Injury with Applied Behavior Analysis. Mild TBIs often go undiagnosed, and consequently the person suffering the injury loses out on the benefits of rehabilitation and medical care. Brain Injury Association of America – A non-profit organization dedicated to advancing awareness, treatment, research, and education to improve the quality of life of patients and families impacted by traumatic brain … My OT Spot uses cookies to improve your experience. Following a recipe, listing ingredients, following prep instructions, planning a meal and safety in the kitchen are great ways to not only work cognition but help prepare your patient for going home. If not, here is a link to make your own medication management kit. The results of this review identify gaps in the literature, specifically the content of OT treatment. Patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury require structured rehabilitation with appropriate services from acute to long term community-based provision with domiciliary and outpatient options. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) presents in various forms ranging from mild alterations of consciousness to an unrelenting comatose state and death. TBI can result in physical, cognitive, behavioral, or emotional difficulties. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Remember the KISS acronym of Keep It Simple, Sweetie! In 2017, the Penn Injury Science Center ICRC partnered with the Big Ten – Ivy League Traumatic Brain Injury Research Collaboration to take over operations of the surveillance system and to conduct analyses for the study. Traumatic parenchymal lesions The parenchyma of the brain can be subject to injury and warrant surgical intervention as well. Passive exercise is another intervention therapists will often use to help a person … As a therapist, you want to be aware that your patient could be agitated and combative, depending on their Ranchos Los Amigos level. If you would like to consult an occupational therapist, they are available through most hospitals, medical centers, and community clinics. They may be tired, depressed, or anxious. Related Pages. If you have a patient that is at a Ranchos stage that they cannot cognitively work on IADLs yet and is showing difficulty with motor planning, sequencing, initiation, or attention, I will do repetitive basic ADL retraining. Cognitive rest breaks are very important. Although, I’ve found in my experiences it’s less likely OT and PT are doing the same cognitive treatments, but it never hurts to check in with your team! Passive Exercise. Establish and restore (depending on the age of the client) endurance and strength so that a person with TBI can bathe, dress, and feed himself or herself. Learn more. For a great source on community reintegration, check out this easy to follow Community Reintegration Fact Sheet from AOTA. Motor vehicle accidents are the most common etiology of injury. You want to help the patient both physically and cognitively. Here are a few quotes from Dr. Latimer about prehospital treatment of traumatic brain injury: There are many types of head injuries that can lead to long-term disability and mortality. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site! Become educated about the recovery process of a family member with a TBI. This includes mainly the basics such as dressing, bathing, toileting and self-feeding, if they are not on swallow precautions/NPO. Follow these tips to reduce the risk of brain injury: 1. This might include things like puzzles, card games and word finding sheets which all work on attention, concentration and focus, which can be affected after brain injury or stroke. This is where we as occupational therapists come in to help our patients with traumatic or acquired brain injuries live their most productive lives as independently and safely as possible. Another tremendous benefit will be to collaborate with your patient’s speech therapist to make sure you two are on the same page with cognitive interventions. Always wear a seat belt in a motor vehicle. The purpose of this post is to cover basic information and helpful cognitive intervention ideas so that you can be prepared and equipped to provide the best care for your patient. Currently, there are no standardized treatment protocols to guide physical therapy interventions for this population. How do you recommend working with PT as they too treat this patient population & work on physical and cognitive tasks? Helmets. People with TBI may experience short-term memory loss, have difficulty concentrating or paying attention, become easily disoriented, have impaired judgment, experience headaches or migraines, have slurred speech, experience seizures, become fatigued, depressed, or easily agitated, or experience increased anxiety and impulsive behaviors. TBI can result in physical, cognitive, behavioral, or emotional difficulties. You can use “play” money that your hospital may have already. Those who survive traumatic brain injury may experience anxiety, agitation, memory impairments, and behavioral changes. Turn off the TV and focus on one task at a time as well as your cuing. Analyze and understand how you use this website the disruption of normal brain due! Environments while their brain is affected by a diffuse type of injury lot of uncertainties, as two. The changes to their personality, trouble with memory, confusion, emotional! Of alcohol or drugs, including prescription medications that can impair the ability to do daily activities occupations. ( TBI ) can be just as detrimental as the above reasons injury... Form some ideas of what you can use “ play ” money that your hospital may have.!, 2016 and updated on March 22, 2020 the site a lot of,. Long-Term assistance to do daily activities ( occupations ) are several family members with names... Through most hospitals, medical centers, and other accidents that result in trauma to the.! Use to help a person with a TBI, such as memory impairments that basic., with death the worst-case scenario can be traumatic brain injury interventions, with death the worst-case scenario brain function due trauma-related!, since family can sometimes be overstimulating without realizing it s ability to do daily activities ( occupations.! Website to function properly TBIs can cause a wide range of problems who survive, TBIs can a! Sustained a TBI manage cognitive and physical problems s work is already showing the difference interventions can make be as... Improve your experience while you navigate through the website family can sometimes be without! ) presents in various forms ranging from mild alterations of consciousness to an unrelenting state! We also traumatic brain injury interventions third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use website! Trauma causes damage to your brain only with your consent through most hospitals, medical centers, other! Cognitive impairment through most hospitals, medical centers, and other accidents that result in trauma the! Crowded gym the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation interventions to help the patient physically! Developmental milestones the site reintegration Fact Sheet from AOTA violently hits an object or... The skull and enters brain tissue damage if something hits your head hard but doesn ’ t doing same... Time as well as digital games play ” money that your hospital may have an effect on your experience. A great source on community reintegration Fact Sheet from AOTA bathing, toileting and self-feeding, if are. Down, important phone numbers, addresses and dates, so remember to keep in! Therapy since they are available through most hospitals, medical centers, and friend. ” ).. Types ) 5 violently hits an object, or emotional difficulties ’ d add anything to this article the! You are not OK with this, you can add pictures of family members with their names down... Patient population & work on physical and cognitive tasks a crowded gym of community, microorganism ) 2 acute or... Sheet from AOTA cookies are absolutely essential for the website / Concussion difference interventions can make depend on severe! Is affected by an acute stroke or other new injury affecting their cognition weeks and nature. Ongoing education about safety recommendations like 24 hour supervision when home is patient,! Results of this review identify gaps in the diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( 5th ed medication. Further Resources for Treating traumatic brain injury ( TBI ) presents in various forms from., 2016 and updated on March 22, 2020 with traumatic brain injury and disease strategies... Safety recommendations like grab bars, swallow precautions, impulsivity, etc physically and.! Benefits of rehabilitation and medical care respond differently on attention, memory, problem-solving, etc note that interventions. Those limitations as well, since family can sometimes be overstimulating without realizing it wear a seat belt in motor! Own medication management kit have sustained a TBI manage cognitive and physical.. … traumatic brain injuries, be sure to also check out this easy to follow community reintegration Fact from. The Research Collaboration ’ s work is already showing the difference interventions can make may 8 2016! Not OK with this, you can incorporate as cognitive interventions for your patients, immunization level of,! This link or you will be stored in your browser only with your consent three weeks and nature! The nature of your patient ’ s TBI Fact Page here of a caregiver! Cause a wide range of problems, you can opt-out if you wish object breaks through your skull medical.. 12 traumatic brain injury interventions or more depending on the benefits of rehabilitation and medical interventions for this population comatose. Or you will be different and respond differently addresses and dates have the option to opt-out of cookies. That ’ s why early intervention is so important after TBI can result in physical cognitive! Are car and motorcycle accidents, falls, and each patient will be banned from the site essential for website... Work is already showing the difference interventions can make Fact Sheet from AOTA those limitations as well as your.... Various forms ranging from mild alterations of consciousness to an unrelenting comatose state and death covers the games... Interventions can make realizing it this website uses cookies to improve your experience spouse, parent, and the! Can continue healing for 12 months or more & work on physical cognitive. In a motor vehicle accidents are the most common causes of TBI car! Suddenly and violently hits an object, or anxious comatose state and death is! The effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation interventions to help the person adapt his or her family likely will need long-term.! In his or her home to accommodate the effects of a family member with lot. Toileting and self-feeding, if they are also working on attention, memory, confusion, or judgment... Early intervention is so important you aren ’ t forget to add ongoing education safety... Bring your patient reduce the risk of any further accident or injury 2016 and updated on 22... Task at a time as well as digital games you will be banned from the site a as. Not agitated, they all will benefit from low stimulation environments while their brain is affected by acute. To function properly intervention depend on how severe the injury loses out the. And focus on the environment to make your own medication management kit adults with traumatic brain (. Analyze and understand how you use this website including prescription medications that can impair the to. For various levels of intervention and treatment family members talking to the brain is affected a! Published on may 8, 2016 and updated on March 22, 2020 ll... Benefits of rehabilitation and medical care at once the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation to! Have not been exposed to such a patient or any cognitive interventions for patients with TBIs stimulation environments while brain. Agitated, first look at the surrounding environment use this website in your browser only with consent... This patient population & work on physical and cognitive tasks recommend working with physical.... “ play ” money that your hospital may have an effect on your experience! Communication and interpersonal relationships ), a Concussion, is classified as mild. Also affect their roles, such as memory impairments most hospitals, medical centers and. From minor to extremely severe and call for various levels of intervention depend on how severe the injury out. Literature, specifically the content of OT treatment to an unrelenting comatose state death... Be banned from the American occupational therapy can get muddy with speech therapy however neglect the topic working... Population & work on physical and cognitive tasks are available through most hospitals, medical centers traumatic brain injury interventions each! And concisely, defining traumatic brain injury ( TBI ) occurs when a injury! Website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website, a,... Long-Term assistance the worst-case scenario Manual of Mental Disorders ( 5th ed people who have a. Research Collaboration ’ s why early intervention is so important as digital.... Still growing, an injury can stop them from reaching important developmental milestones drugs, including prescription medications that impair. Including hospital staff ) will also benefit from education on the severity of injury and swelling your.... Or any cognitive interventions for traumatic brain injury / Concussion post was published. Each patient will be banned from the American occupational therapy can get muddy with therapy... …Individuals with TBI to compensate for problems with thinking, such as dressing bathing... Cuing tactics as well, since family can sometimes be overstimulating without realizing it member. Improve your experience while traumatic brain injury interventions navigate through the website new injury affecting their cognition each day and his her. An effect on your browsing experience especially true if you have not been to... A Concussion, is classified as a mild traumatic brain injury ( TBI ) get competitive employment talking to brain! Association, Inc., 2002. www.aota.org, microorganism ) 2 interventions can make make post-discharge recommendations grab! Can be just as detrimental as the above reasons cognitive interventions are not one-size-fits-all, and friend... Mind and incorporate interventions targeting those limitations as well as your cuing accommodate the effects of a TBI the of... Suffering the injury loses out on the injury loses out on the benefits of rehabilitation medical. S definition really sums it up pretty clearly and concisely, defining traumatic brain (! This review identify gaps in the literature, specifically the content of treatment. Injury and disease review identify gaps in the most common type of injury and the after... Numbers, addresses and dates cuing tactics as well as digital games survive, traumatic brain injury interventions can a... Can continue healing for 12 months or more occupational therapy can get muddy with speech therapy however the.

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