siege of corfinium

There can be no doubt that Corfinium was from an early period the capital city of the Paeligni, and one of the chief towns in this part of Italy; but no mention of its name is found in history until the outbreak of the Social War, in 90 BCE, when it was selected by the confederates to be their common capital, and the seat of their government. Siège de Corfinium (en modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata Corfinium (ou Italica à partir de la guerre sociale ) est un site archéologique d'une ville de la Rome antique , situé en Italie , près de Corfinio dans la province de L'Aquila . At that point they captured their commander, and offered to surrender him to Caesar. Curio had brought over with him from Sicily the very same legions, who had revolted some time before to Caesar at the siege of Corfinium: so that excepting a few centurions who had been changed, the officers and companies were the … On this account it was occupied by L. Domitius with 31 cohorts,[3] and was the only place which offered any effectual resistance to the arms of Caesar during his advance through Italy. Geschichte. Corfinium was the chief city of the Paeligni, situated in the valley of the Aternus, near the point where that river's course suddenly makes a sharp turn and runs from southeasterly to northeasterly on towards the Adriatic Sea. Als nach dem Ende des Krieges die italischen Bundesgenossen das römische Bürgerrecht erhielten, wurde Corfinium ein Municipium, das zur Tribus Sergia gehörte. [1] But before the end of the second year of the war they were compelled to abandon their new capital, and transfer the seat of government to Aesernia (modern Isernia). Caesar captured Asculum and then advanced rapidly towards Corfinium. Part of the 7th legion arrived, after taking Sulmona. It is now near the modern Corfinio, in the province of L Aquila (Abruzzo region). He placed siege engines around the walls, took personal command of the deployment of his troops, and even promised each of the defenders four acres of land from his private estates. - Contact Us - Search - Recent - About Us -  Subscribe in a reader - Join our Google Group In theory he thus outnumbered Caesar, who now had two legions, having been joined by the 12th Legion. It was probably to the importance of its situation in a military point of view that it was mainly indebted for this distinction; but the allied nations seem to have destined it to be the permanent capital of Italy, and the rival of Rome, as they changed its name to Italica, and adorned it with a new and spacious forum and senate house, and other public buildings of a style corresponding to its intended greatness. Caesar spent seven days engaged in the siege of Corfinium, and by the time it was over he was surprised that General Labienus still hadn’t arrived from Gaul with the bulk of his cavalry. It re-took the ancient name in 1928. [5], From this time we hear little of Corfinium, but inscriptions indicate that it continued to be a flourishing municipal town under the Roman Empire, and its prosperity is proved by the fact that its inhabitants were able to construct two aqueducts for supplying it with water, both of which are in great part hewn in the solid rock, and one of them is carried through a tunnel nearly 5 km (3.1 mi) in length.[6]. [13], Coordinates: 42°07′03″N 13°50′07″E / 42.1174°N 13.8352°E / 42.1174; 13.8352, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBunbury1854 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBunbury1854 (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corfinium&oldid=989252743, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRG without Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the DGRG, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 22:37. Nombre d'historiens saccordent à dire que la guerre civile fut la conséquence logique dun long processus de crise des institutions politiques de la République, qui commença par le désastreux échec des réformes tentées par Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, et se poursuivit par la réforme de l'armée de Caius Marius, qui firent des légions des unités entièrement dévouées à leur général. He moved south-east into Apulia, from where he planned to escape to Greece with his army and as much of the Senate as possible. Language Label Description Also known as; English: siege of Corfinium. Tak­ing place in March 49 BC, it saw the forces of Gaius Julius Cae­sar 's Pop­u­lares be­siege the Ital­ian city of Brun­di­s­ium on the coast of the Adri­atic Sea which was held by a force of Op­ti­mates under the com­mand of Gnaeus Pom­peius Mag­nus. He had managed to gather twenty cohorts from Alba, the Marsi, Peligni and nearby provinces, and had been joined by another thirteen cohorts that had been raised by Lucilius Hirus. The Siege of Corfinium was the first significant military confrontation of Caesar's Civil War. For three days Caesar concentrated on strengthening his camp and building defensive works to surround the town. The siege of Corfinium (early 49 BC) was the first military action of the Great Roman Civil War and saw Caesar quickly overwhelm an attempt to defend the city against him. Een deel van het grondgebied ligt binnen de grenzen van het Nationaal Park Majella.. Demografie. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Caesar's stay at Corfinium lasted seven days in total and after accepting it's surrender he immediately broke camp and set out into Apulia to pursue Pompey. There can be no doubt that Corfinium was from an early period the capital city of the Paeligni, and one of the chief towns in this part of Italy; but no mention of its name is found in history until the out… instance of. [12] This bridge must evidently be the same, close to which the modern town of Popoli has grown up; leading to the erroneous supposition by some authors that Popoli, rather than San Pelino, occupies the site of Corfinium. part of. Caesar provides a longer account. nécessaire] Siege of Corfinium : The Possessed of Capharnaum – p. 232 Pompeius in Brundisium : The wife’s mother with a fever – p. 232 Caesar goes to Rome : Jesus goes into the desert – p. 232 The system has a population between 10,000 and 10 million, lacking the industrial base to be completely self-supporting. J.-C.) [réf. Historia. Camps B and F at Masada.12 Furthermore, he recognised the same strategy in Caesar's siege of Corfinium in 49 B.C., as well as the First Punic War sieges of Agrigentum and Lilybaeum.13 Of course, it would have been more important for a besieger to control the main access routes, rather than slavishly ensuring symmetry between camps. Yahoo Search Búsqueda en la Web. fortifications of Caesar at Alesia. Caesar besieged the town. The issue was decided when the troops learnt that Ahenobarbus was planning to flee. In theory the Senate’s forces, commanded by Pompey, outnumbered Caesar’s force, but they were caught out by Caesar’s rapid advance into central Italy. siege. He himself began to prepare to escape from the city. La rivolta, che coinvolse anche i popoli attigui, portò prima a un'assemblea, alla quale parteciparono tutti i popoli italici, indi alla Guerra sociale e, alla fine, di nuovo, con la pace susseguente, la definitiva cittadinanza romana. However by the time this message arrived Caesar’s lines were almost complete and it was no longer possible for Ahenobarbus’s men to escape. Built on the site of ancient Corfinium Corfinium in a strategically important position (between the Peligna Valley and Fucino), in 91 BC during the Social War it was the capital of the Italic League against the Romans. [4] Along with the garrison, several important Republican personages were also captured; Caesar released these after obtaining their oaths of loyalty, oaths many promptly broke. At the start of the war Caesar only had one legion, the 13th, with him in northern Italy. History Corfinium was the chief city of the Paeligni,… Caesar’s advanced guard clashed with these troops and forced them to retreat back to Corfinium. 0 references. Das antike Corfinium war ein Ort der marsischen Päligner im Tal des Aternus.Im Bundesgenossenkrieg gegen Rom war es die Hauptstadt der Italiker und wurde in Italica oder Italia umbenannt. Ahenobarbus attempted to keep the news from Pompey from his men, but it soon leaked to them. Postquam rebelles quamvis victi civitatem Romanam impetravere rursus Corfinium fuit. Caesar demonstrated his famous clemency, accepted Ahenobarbus’s men into his own ranks, and allowing Ahenobarbus to go wherever he wanted, taking his money with him. Hermitage of San Venanzio is situated 4 km west of Corfinium… Domitius delayed his departure for Gaul until after his defeat (and despite his release) by Caesar at the Siege of Corfinium. Configuración According to the ancient literary tradition, the upper valley of the Aterno was the center of the Sabines, that subsequently reached the valley of Rieti and the lower Tiber valley. Siege of Corfinium; Siege of Massilia; W. Maria Wyke; Last edited on 9 November 2020, at 11:02. Pompey quickly decided that he couldn’t hold Rome, and decided with withdraw from the city. (Greek: Κορφίνιον) was a city in Ancient Italy, on the eastern side of the Apennines, due east of Rome. - Cookies. Amiternum and Corfinium Amiternum. We have two main accounts of the resulting siege, one from Appian and one from Caesar himself. [9] The period of its destruction is unknown, but it seems to have been still in existence as late as the tenth century. It was distant 7 miles from Sulmo (modern Sulmona), and 30 from Alba Fucens by the Via Valeria. Siege of Corfinium, early 49 BC. Appian’s account is fairly short. Pompey ordered him to extract himself from the trap using his own efforts, and join Pompey’s main army. siege in 49 BC. Le siège de Corfinio (L'ancienne Corfinium) Il a été placé au début de Guerre civile romaine éclaté entre Gaio Giulio Cesare et optimates dirigé par Gneo Pompeo Magno. Configuración To punish the rebellion, the Romans destroyed the town and renamed it "Pentima", a name that was changed only in 1928. In the meantime, young noblemen from the allied city of Massilia, who had visited with Pompey before his retreat from Rome, arrived home to encourage their fellow townspeople to support Pompey against Caesar. Yahoo Search. Fou la primera capital dels pelignis però la ciutat no és esmentada a la història fins a la Guerra Màrsica o guerra social, el 90 aC, quan fou seleccionada pels confederats com a capital comuna i seu del seu govern. At the start of the war Caesar only had one legion, the 13th, with him in northern Italy. As he was approaching the city he ran into five cohorts from the garrison who had been sent out to destroy a bridge three miles outside the walls. The siege of Corfinium (early 49 BC) was the first military action of the Great Roman Civil War and saw Caesar quickly overwhelm an attempt to defend the city against him. Caesar accepted their surrender on the following morning. ...had retired into Africa. Its name derives from the Aterno river that crossed the ancient settlement and influenced all its life. Upon learning of Caesar's victory Pompey began to march his army from Luceria to Canusium and then on to Brundisium where he could further retreat by crossing the Adriatic Sea to Epirus. siege of Corfinium (Q18001862) From Wikidata. He then accepted the allegiance of Ahenobarbus’s men, greatly strengthening his army. Statements. Le processus s'accéléra avec la dictature de Luci… Caesar's Civil War. He set free all of the senators, knights and local nobles who had been in the city, and even returned six million sesterces to Ahenobarbus, in an attempt to win them over to his cause. Ahenobarbus made a determined attempt to hold the town. His men began to meet in the evening, and many of them declared that he was time for them to look to their own safety. Ruins of Corfinium have been found around the modern town of Corfinio, known as Pentima in the Roman period,[10] then medieval Valva (the adjoining valley is still called La Pianata di Valva[5]). Antiquitus Corfinium Paelignorum oppidum erat. A part of the territory of Corfinium had been portioned out to new settlers as early as the time of the Gracchi: it received a fresh body of colonists under Augustus, but never assumed the title of a colony, all inscriptions giving it that of a municipium only. [2] The fate of Corfinium after this is not mentioned, but it probably fell into the hands of the Romans without resistance, and in consequence did not suffer; for we find it at the outbreak of the Civil War between Julius Caesar and Pompey, 49 BCE, still retaining its position as a city of importance and a strong fortress. Corfinio (anticamente Corfinium, poi, nel periodo romano, Pentima, indi nel medioevo Valva, ha ripreso il nome classico nel 1928) è un comune italiano di 997 abitanti della provincia dell'Aquila in Abruzzo.Fa parte dell'unione dei comuni Terre dei Peligni. The siege continued during the entire time of Caesar’s operations in Spain, although Brutus won a naval victory off Massilia against a joint Massilian-Pompeian force. Ahenobarbus attempted to escape, but was captured by the inhabitants of the town who handed him over to Caesar. He sent messages to Pompey asking him to bring up his army and trap Caesar against the walls. siege in 49 BC. The Hermitage of San Venanzio is the site the ancient hermitage of Saint Venantius of Camerino, located above a stream in a remote ravine within a few kilometers north of Raiano, Province of L'Aquila in the Abruzzo, Italy. Ahenobarbus decided to defend Corfinium, on the eastern side of the Appenines, east of Rome, and a key position if Caesar decided to try and catch Pompey. Corfinium in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly; Corfinium in Gaffiot, Félix … Corfinium (grekiska: Κορφίνιον) var en stad under antiken öster om Apenninerna, mitt i Sabinum, i Valle Peligna, i regionen Abruzzo.Staden var folkstammen pelignernas huvudstad och under en period var den också huvudstad för bundsförvanterna under Bundsförvantskriget 91 - 88 f.Kr. Yahoo Search Búsqueda en la Web. The 8th Legion arrived with 22 cohorts from Gaul, and he used them to form a second camp. Bello Marsico (90-87 a.C.n. Nor was it reduced by force, but the disaffection which rapidly spread among his officers compelled Domitius to surrender after a siege of only seven days. ), velut commune oppidum omnium populorum in Italia a Romanis secedentium, nomen in 'Italiam' vel 'Italicam' mutavit, quod nomen sive Latine sive Osce (Viteliù) in denariis a confoederatis populis ibi percussis legitur. Corfinium has both an unbreathably thin atmosphere and a lack of surface water making habitation by sophonts difficult. It is a member of Third Imperium in the Atsah Subsector of Deneb Sector and in the Domain of Deneb. Corfinium (Greek: Κορφίνιον) was a city in ancient Italy, on the eastern side of the Apennines, due east of Rome, near modern Corfinio, in the province of L'Aquila (Abruzzo region). Caesar then followed up with his main force and camped under the walls. Corfinium si ribellò nuovamente quando Quinto Varo fece di nuovo abrogare la legge che istituiva la cittadinanza romana. Hence Domitius committed a capital error in neglecting to occupy it in sufficient force when Caesar was advancing upon Corfinium. [11] The bridge over the Aternus, 5 km (3.1 mi) from the city, is mentioned both by Caesar and Strabo, and must always have been a military point of the highest importance. At the start of the war the Senate gave Pompey the authority to defend the Republic against Caesar, and confidently believed that he would be able to raise armies with which to defend Italy before Caesar could move his veteran legions from Gaul. [7] It still appears in the Itineraries as a place of importance,[8] and even seems to have been in the fourth century regarded as the capital of the province of Valeria, and the residence of its Praeses or governor. Help - F.A.Q. 1 reference. The siege of Brundisium (49 BC) saw a brief confrontation between Pompey and Caesar at the start of the Great Roman Civil War, before Pompey escaped to Epirus. He refused to risk his armies to defend Ahenobarbus, who had decided to shut himself up in Corfinium without any orders. In the meantime Caesar’s army was expanding. Corfinio is een gemeente in de Italiaanse provincie L'Aquila (regio Abruzzen) en telt 1001 inwoners (31-12-2004).De oppervlakte bedraagt 18,2 km², de bevolkingsdichtheid is 55 inwoners per km². When word of Domitius’s plans got about, the soldiers in Corfinium gathered in groups in the early evening and, led by tribunes, centurions and the more reputable men of their own class, began discussing the situation. It was distant 7 miles from Sulmo (modern Sulmona), and 30 from Alba Fucens by the Via Valeria. Just before this work was complete, a message arrived from Pompey. L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, officially Caesar’s replacement as proconsul of Transalpine Gaul, decided to ignore Pompey’s orders. Caesar spent seven days at Corfinium in total, and then moved south to Apulia, where he attempted to catch Pompey at Brundusium. Corfinium was the chief city of the Paeligni, situated in the valley of the Aternus, near the point where that river's course suddenly makes a sharp turn and runs from southeasterly to northeasterly on towards the Adriatic Sea. Yahoo Search. Undertaken in February 49 BC, it saw the forces of Gaius Julius Caesar's Populares besiege the Italian city of Corfinium, which was held by a force of Optimates under the command of Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus. siege of Corfinium (en) Corfinium fou una antiga ciutat d'Itàlia al país dels pelignis, a la vall del riu Aternus. This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 11:02 (UTC). At first the Marsi resisted this, and the garrison was almost split by a civil war of its own. This, however, was being rendered impossible by the building of siege-works around the town. Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. edit. 0 references. 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