KMC's constant endeavour is to enhance its interaction with SAARC countries, other international agencies and many other major cities of the world to achieve better urban management and developmental programs for Kathmandu.. Kathmandu is the headquarters of the surrounding Kathmandu district. Sanskrit language therefore was preferred and people were encouraged to learn it even by attending Sanskrit learning centres in Terai. Kathmandu is dissected by eight rivers, the main river of the valley, the Bagmati and its tributaries, of which the Bishnumati, Dhobi Khola, Manohara Khola, Hanumante Khola, and Tukucha Khola are predominant. .  About 11 km (7 mi) from the centre and northeastern outskirts of Kathmandu, the stupa's massive mandala makes it one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal. Archaeologists believe it is two thousand years old. In 1956, air transportation was established and the Tribhuvan Highway, between Kathmandu and Raxaul (at India's border), was started. The annual amount of precipitation was 1,124 millimetres (44.3 in) for 2005, as per monthly data included in the table above. According to the city officials, this new initiative will be initially launched in Wards 12, 18 and 21. These artists have maintained a blend of Hinduism and Buddhism. This collection of around 45,000 books is derived from a personal collection of Kaiser Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. "A Kushan-period Sculpture from the reign of Jaya Varma, CE 184/185, Kathmandu, Nepal." Haramekhala), religion (e.g. With a bar, the 5-star hotel has air-conditioned rooms with free WiFi, each with a private bathroom. These art and architectural edifices encompass three major periods of evolution: the Licchavi or classical period (500 to 900 AD), the post-classical period (1000 to 1400 AD), with strong influence of the Palla art form; the Malla period (1400 onwards) that exhibited explicitly tantric influences coupled with the art of Tibetan Demonology. After some time, a demon named Banasur closed the outlet, and the valley again turned into a lake. The museum was established in 1928 as a collection house of war trophies and weapons, and the initial name of this museum was Chhauni Silkhana, meaning "the stone house of arms and ammunition". Drinking and driving is illegal, and authorities have a zero-tolerance policy. There are several four-star hotels such as Hotel Vaishali, Hotel Narayani, The Blue Star and Grand Hotel. Kathmandu valley is described as "an enormous treasure house of art and sculptures", which are made of wood, stone, metal, and terracotta, and found in profusion in temples, shrines, stupas, gompas, chaityasm and palaces. Balgopaleshwor Temple stands still inside the temple above the pond. The neighbourhood of Thamel is Kathmandu's primary "traveller's ghetto", packed with guest houses, restaurants, shops, and bookstores, catering to tourists. The royal family lived in this palace until 1886 when they moved to Narayanhiti Palace. There is so much to see, so much to do and so much to learn about, even after 4 seperate trips there we only just saw … 550 billion approximately per year alone is worth more than one third of national GDP (nominal), while the per capita income of $2200 is approximately three times the national average. The Metropolitan Police is a division of the Nepal Police, and the administrative control lies with the Ministry of Home Affairs. The city has been referenced in numerous songs, including works by Cat Stevens ('Katmandu', Mona Bone Jakon (1970)), Bob Seger ('Katmandu', Beautiful Loser (1975)), Rush ('A Passage to Bangkok', Pulling into Kathmandu; 2112, 1976), Krematorij ('Kathmandu', Three Springs (2000)), Fito Páez (Tráfico por Katmandú – "Traffic through Kathmandu") and Cavalcade ('Kathmandu Kid') 2019. In 2013, Kathmandu was ranked third among the top ten upcoming travel destinations in the world by TripAdvisor, and ranked first in Asia. Ward 16 is the largest, with an area of 437.4 ha; ward 26 is the smallest, with an area of 4 ha.. Kathmandu is a centre for art in Nepal, displaying the work of contemporary artists in the country and also collections of historical artists. The population was projected to reach 915,071 in 2011 and 1,319,597 by 2021. Evidence of an influx of ideas from India, Tibet, China, Persia, and Europe among other places can be found in a stone inscription from the time of king Pratap Malla. Due to the intermixing with Kirat cuisine from eastern Nepal, pork has found a place in Kathmandu dishes.  Every year the stupa attracts many Tibetan Buddhist pilgrims who perform full body prostrations in the inner lower enclosure, walk around the stupa with prayer wheels, chant, and pray. During the Kirata era, a settlement called Yambu existed in the northern half of old Kathmandu. Book Homestay in Kathmandu, Kathmandu on Tripadvisor: See 7 traveler reviews, 24 candid photos, and great deals for Homestay in Kathmandu, ranked #265 of 588 B&Bs / inns in Kathmandu … The stadium was renovated with Chinese aid before the 8th South Asian Games were held in Kathmandu and floodlights were installed. Given its focus, the museum contains many weapons, including locally made firearms used in wars, leather cannons from the 18th–19th century, and medieval and modern works in wood, bronze, stone and paintings. The temple is built in the pagoda style of architecture, with cubic constructions and carved wooden rafters (tundal) on which they rest, and two-level roofs made of copper and gold. , Kathmandu houses many notable art galleries. "A Kushan-period Sculpture from the reign of Jaya Varman, CE 185, Kathmandu, Nepal. Also, with the modernization of Newar Buddhism, various Theravada Bihars have been established. The actual structure of the museum showcases restoration and rehabilitation efforts to preserve the built heritage of Kathmandu. The urban area of the Kathmandu valley is split among three different districts (second level of administrative divisions within a province), which extend very little beyond the valley fringe, except towards the southern ranges, which have comparatively small population.  The city was designed in the shape of Chandrahrasa, the sword of Manjushri. , It is said that in Kathmandu alone there are 170 Christian churches. Consumption of beef is very uncommon and considered taboo in many places. Assumedly, together with the kingdom of Licchhavi (c. 400 to 750), Hinduism and the endogam social stratification of the caste was established in Kathmandu Valley. There are over 108 traditional monasteries (Bahals and Baháʼís) in Kathmandu based on Newar Buddhism. They intermarried with Nepali royalty, and this led to the Malla era. 'Queen's Pond') is a historic artificial pond nestled in the heart of Kathmandu. 2 coverage on the vulnerability of Kathmandu Valley to a big quake in the near future. These are amply reflected in the many temples, shrines, stupas, monasteries, and palaces in the seven well-defined Monument Zones of the Kathmandu valley are part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tantrakhyan), medicine (e.g. Rani Pokhari is opened once a year during the final day of Tihar i.e. The valley was historically called the "Nepal Mandala" and has been the home of the Newar people, a cosmopolitan urban civilization in the Himalayan foothills. Social regulation in the codes enacted incorporates Hindu traditions and ethics. , The total length of roads in Nepal is recorded to be 17,182 km (10,676 mi), as of 2003–04. It is one of the most popular fast foods in Kathmandu. Other prominent clubs include Manang Marsyangdi Club, Machhindra FC, Tribhuvan Army Club (TAC) and Nepal Police Club. These states competed with each other in the arts, architecture, esthetics, and trade, resulting in tremendous development. +९७७ १४२३१४८१ ( +977 14231481) email@example.com +९७७ १४२६८५०९ ( +977 14268509 ) Kathmandu Metropolitan City Office of Municipal Executive, Bagmati Province Most of the general hospitals are in the city center, although several clinics are elsewhere in Kathmandu district.  Now Kathmandu boasts several luxuries such as the Hyatt Regency, Dwarika's, Hotel Yak & Yeti, The Everest Hotel, Hotel Radisson, Hotel De L'Annapurna, The Malla Hotel, Shangri-La Hotel (not operated by the Shangri-La Hotel Group) and Hotel Shanker. However, a significant part of the temple was destroyed by Mughal invaders in the 14th century and little or nothing remains of the original 5th-century temple exterior. The museums display unique artefacts and paintings from the 5th century CE to the present day, including archeological exportation. After the fall of the monarchy, it has been converted into a museum. Air pollution is a major issue in the Kathmandu Valley.  Other traditional occupations are farming, metal casting, woodcarving, painting, weaving, and pottery. Last week’s geopolitical developments provided a spectre that Kathmandu is increasingly becoming a strategic battleground for China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) diplomacy. , A broad typology has been ascribed to the decorative designs and carvings created by the people of Nepal. Many relatives who join the funeral procession also take bath in the Bagmati or sprinkle the holy water on their bodies at the end of cremation as the Bagmati is believed to purify people spiritually.  The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. During the early part of this era, Kathmandu maintained its distinctive culture. Tourism is considered another important industry in Nepal. The outer quadrangle has the Kasthamandap, Kumari Ghar, and Shiva-Parvati Temple; the inner quadrangle has the Hanuman Dhoka palace. The headquarters of many of the country's news outlets are also in the city including Kathmandu Tribune, the government-owned Gorkhapatra (the oldest national daily newspaper in Nepal), The Kathmandu Post, Nepali Times, Kantipur Publications and its paper Kantipur, Naya Patrika, The Himalayan Times, Karobar Economic Daily, Aarthik Abhiyan National Daily and Jana Aastha National Weekly. The kings of this period directly influenced or involved themselves in the construction of public buildings, squares, and temples, as well as the development of waterspouts, the institutionalisation of trusts (called guthis), the codification of laws, the writing of dramas, and the performance of plays in city squares. Over the years the city has been home to people of various ethnicities, resulting in a range of different traditions and cultural practices. The Bagmati river which flows through Kathmandu is considered a holy river both by Hindus and Buddhists, and many Hindu temples are on the banks of this river. Following the end of the Maoist insurgency, there was a significant rise in the number of tourist arrivals, with 509,956 tourists recorded in 2009. Shringla met Nepal Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli, foreign minister Pradeep Gyawali and foreign secretary Bharat Raj Paudyal on the first day of his two-day visit aimed at … Students wearing face shields and face masks attend a class at a school in Kathmandu, Nepal, Dec. 11, 2020. The Kumari is believed to be a bodily incarnation of the goddess Taleju (the Nepali name for Durga) until she menstruates, after which it is believed that the goddess vacates her body. It was expanded by King Pratap Malla in the 17th century with many temples. There is a strong tradition of buff consumption in Kathmandu, especially among Newars, which is not found in other parts of Nepal. Most of the fairs and festivals in Kathmandu originated in the Malla period or earlier. According to data from 2011, the major religions in Kathmandu city are Hinduism 81.3%, Buddhism 9%, Islam 4.4% and other 5.2%. They established a forest monastery in Sankhu. The lake was cut drained by Bodhisatwa Manjushree with his sword, and the water was evacuated out from there. Unpredictable weather is expected, given that temperatures can drop to 1 °C (34 °F) or less during the winter. Behind and above the torana there are thirteen tiers. There is no officially defined agglomeration of Kathmandu. Nepal Television, established in 1985, is the oldest and most-watched television channel in Nepal, as is government-owned NTV Plus, Kantipur Television, Image Channel, Sagarmatha Telivision, Himalaya TV, AP1 TV and other channels. During the Hindu Lichchavi era (c. 400 to 750), various monasteries and orders were created which successively led to the formation of Newar Buddhism, which is still practiced in the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, Sanskrit. The Gurukul School of Theatre organizes the Kathmandu International Theater Festival, attracting artists from all over the world. Bir Hospital is the oldest, established in July 1889 by Bir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana. (2001). Kathmandu is home to several international and regional organizations, including the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). These deities include the Ajima, Taleju (or Tulja Bhavani or Taleju Bhawani) and her other forms : Digu Taleju (or Degu Taleju) and Kumari (the living goddess). Today, it is the seat of government of the Nepalese republic, established in 2008, and is part of the Bagmati Pradesh. Kathmandu, January 20 The government has decided to establish geriatric wards in four more hospitals across the country this fiscal. , The Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC), in order to promote international relations, has established an International Relations Secretariat (IRC). The southern gate of the palace is at the crossing of Prithvipath and Durbar Marg roads. , Some of the traditional festivals observed in Kathmandu, apart from those previously mentioned, are Bada Dashain, Tihar, Chhath, Maghe Sankranti, Nag Panchami, Janai Purnima, Pancha Dan, Teej/Rishi Panchami, Pahan Charhe, Jana Baha Dyah Jatra (White Machchhendranath Jatra), and Matatirtha Aunsi.. Garments and woolen carpets are the most notable manufactured products. These museums include the Birendra museum, which contains items related to the second-last monarch, King Birendra.. Tourism is an important part of the economy. Other bus companies including micro-bus companies operate several unscheduled routes. , The religious art of Nepal and Kathmandu in particular consists of an iconic symbolism of the Mother Goddesses such as: Bhavani, Durga, Gaja-Lakshmi, Hariti-Sitala, Mahsishamardini, Saptamatrika (seven mother goddesses), and Sri-Lakshmi (wealth-goddess). In Nepal the selection process is very rigorous. It was originally built as a rest house for travellers. Kasthamandap stands at the intersection of two ancient trade routes linking India and Tibet at Maru square. According … This place is situated in Bagmati, Central, Nepal, its geographical coordinates are 27 43' 0" North, 85 19' 0" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Kathmandu.  The team of Dr. Sanduk Ruit in Tilganga pioneered sutureless small-incision cataract surgery (SICS), a technique which has been used to treat 4 million of the world's 20 million people with cataract blindness.  The city is bounded by several other municipalities of the Kathmandu valley: south of the Bagmati by Lalitpur Metropolitan City (Patan), with which it forms one urban area surrounded by a ring road, to the southwest by Kirtipur and to the east by Madyapur Thimi. More recently, however, the spelling "Kathmandu" has become more common in English.. Answer 1 of 67: Hi, I am trying to complete an online visa application for Nepal but I cant figure out what the ward number is for my hotel in Kathmandu. These disasters led to the destruction of most of the architecture of the Licchavi era (such as Mangriha and Kailashkut Bhawan), and the loss of literature collected in various monasteries within the city. Legendary Princess Bhrikuti (7th-century) and artist Araniko (1245–1306 CE) from that tradition of Kathmandu valley played a significant role in spreading Buddhism in Tibet and China. It was built under the reign of King Laxmi Narsingha Malla. The Pashupatinath Temple, Changu Narayan Temple, and the Kasthamandap are of particular importance to Hindus. From a mere 6,179 tourists in 1961/62, the number increased to 491,504 in 1999/2000. The earliest Western reference to Kathmandu appears in an account of Jesuit Fathers the Portuguese Jesuit, Fr. The complex has 50 temples and is distributed in two quadrangles of the Durbar Square. The Muslims forbid eating buff as from Quran while Hindus eat all varieties except beef as they consider cow to be a goddess and symbol of purity. There are 133 festivals held in the year. In 1966, a fire service was established in Kathmandu airport. Ropeways are another important transportation means in hilly terrain.  Manufacturing is also important and accounts for 19% of the revenue that Kathmandu generates.  The sport is governed by the National Sports Council from its headquarters in Kathmandu. Every year thousands of students apply for No Objection Certificates for studying abroad. But we fell in love with it all the same. The BP Highway connects Kathmandu to the eastern part of Nepal through Sindhuli.  According to the 2016 World Health Organization's Ambient Air Pollution Database, the annual average PM2.5 (particulate matter) concentration in 2013 was 49 μg/m3, which is 4.9 times higher than recommended by the World Health Organization. Kirant Mundhum is one of the indigenous animistic practices of Nepal. Kathmandu valley has had this art treasure for a very long time, but received worldwide recognition only after the country opened to the outside world in 1950. Then Lord Krishna came to Nepal, killed Banasur, and again drained out the water. The festival attracts musicians from countries worldwide, such as Australia, Denmark, United States, Benin, and India.. The major languages are Nepali and Nepal Bhasa, while English is understood by many, particularly in the service industry. Being the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu is home to most of the government offices, embassies, corporate houses, and the palace.A golden heaven to the most famous artists in the world, it has the old palace of Newar kings, Kathmandu Durbar Square, which is listed as UNESCO world heritage site, is in Basantapur, next to Freak Street, which was the popular hippie spot during the seventies. Other notable Hindu temples in Kathmandu and the surrounding valley include Bajrayogini Temple, Dakshinkali Temple, Guhyeshwari Temple, and the Shobha Bhagawati shrine. Nepal Republic Media, the publisher of myRepublica, joined a publishing alliance with the International Herald Tribune (IHT), to publish the Asia Pacific Edition of IHT from Kathmandu from 20 July 2011. The enclosed compound of the Narayanhiti Palace Museum is in the north-central part of Kathmandu. , Waste management may be through composting in municipal waste management units, and at houses with home composting units.  The priests who perform the services at this temple have been Brahmins from Karnataka in southern India since the time of Malla king Yaksha Malla. This monastery was renovated by Shakyas after they fled genocide from Virudhaka (r. 491–461 BCE).  For example, 2001 recorded only 356 mm (14 in) of precipitation due to an extraordinarily weak monsoon season. The growth of tourism in Kathmandu has led to culinary creativity and the development of hybrid foods to accommodate for tourists such as American chop suey, which is a sweet-and-sour sauce with crispy noodles with a fried egg commonly added on top and other westernized adaptations of traditional cuisine. The importance of the Bagmati also lies in the fact that Hindus are cremated on its banks, and Kirants are buried in the hills by its side.  The decade of 2000–2010 saw highly variable and unprecedented precipitation anomalies in Kathmandu.  Regionally, several Nepali airlines operate from the city, including Buddha Air, Nepal Airlines, Shree Airlines and Yeti Airlines to other major towns across Nepal.  Tourism is a major source of income for most of the people in the city, with several hundred thousand visitors annually. Kathmandu is also home of some of the oldest cricket clubs in Nepal, such as Yengal Sports Club.  A ropeway operated between Kathmandu and Hetauda over a length of 43 km (27 mi) which carried 25 tonnes of goods per hour. During this era, following the genocide of Shakyas in Lumbini by Virudhaka, the survivors migrated north and entered the forest monastery lora masquerading as Koliyas.  It seeks to document 50 years of research and cultural heritage conservation of the Kathmandu Valley, documenting what artists, photographers, architects, and anthropologists from abroad had contributed in the second half of the 20th century. During medieval times, the city was sometimes called Kāntipur (Sanskrit: कान्तिपुर). Situated in Kathmandu, 2.8 km from Hanuman Dhoka, Kathmandu Marriott Hotel features accommodation with a restaurant, free private parking, an outdoor swimming pool and a fitness centre.  This tradition is believed to have been started at the request of Adi Shankaracharya who sought to unify the states of Bharatam, a region in south Asia believed to be ruled by a mythological king Bharat, by encouraging cultural exchange. It was built by king Pratap Malla in 1670 AD for his beloved queen after she lost her son and could not recover from her loss. These 3 districts are administered by 21 local level bodies; 2 metropolitan cities (Kathmandu and Lalitpur), 16 municipalities and 3 rural municipalities. Swayambhunath (Nepali: स्वयम्भू स्तूप) is a Buddhist stupa atop a hillock at the northwestern part of the city. Also known as the city of temples, the city stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres (4,600 feet) above sea level in the bowl-shaped Kathmandu valley in central Nepal.  At the northern entrance where visitors must pass is a shrine dedicated to Ajima, the goddess of smallpox. at a fair price—about 5,000 rupees … In some of the Sino-Tibetan languages, Kathmandu is still called Yambu. Trichandra College (the first college of Nepal), Durbar High School (the first modern school of Nepal), and Bir Hospital (the first hospital of Nepal) were built in Kathmandu during this era. Welcome to the Kathmandu google satellite map! Believers in Pashupatinath (mainly Hindus) are allowed to enter the temple premises, but non-Hindu visitors are allowed to view the temple only from the across the Bagmati River.  The fire service in the city is also overlooked by an international non-governmental organization, the Firefighters Volunteer Association of Nepal (FAN), which was established in 2000 with the purpose of raising public awareness about fire and improving safety. Hotels like Hyatt Regency, De L'Annapurna, and Yak & Yeti are among the five-star hotels with casinos as well. Kathmandu is the television hub of Nepal. Kumari, or Kumari Devi, is the tradition of worshipping young pre-pubescent girls as manifestations of the divine female energy or devi in South Asian countries. With this new area, the population density which was 85 in 1991 remained 85 in 2001; it is likely to jump to 111 in 2011 and 161 in 2021. Kathmandu (/ˌkætmænˈduː/; Nepali: काठमाडौँ, Nepali pronunciation: [ˈkaʈʰmaɳɖu]) is the capital and largest city of Nepal, with a population of around 1 million.  It has two terminals, one domestic and one international. Consumption of pork was considered taboo until a few decades ago. The name of Kathmandu is a derivative of the word Kasthamandap. Kasthamandap is a three-storeyed temple enshrining an image of Gorakhnath.  Jhochhen Tol, also known as Freak Street, is Kathmandu's original traveller's haunt, made popular by the hippies of the 1960s and 1970s; it remains a popular alternative to Thamel. Kathmandu's trade is an ancient profession that flourished along an offshoot of the Silk Road which linked India and Tibet. Hanuman Dhoka is a complex of structures with the royal palace of the Malla kings and of the Shah dynasty. Everyday more than thousands of people commutes between these two cities as a part of their normal routine. According to Swayambhu Purana, present-day Kathmandu was once a huge and deep lake named "Nagdaha", as it was full of snakes. A number of them decided to take action when they read a newspaper article on a community disaster manage-ment training workshop at Ward 10 Thanks In Nepal and Kathmandu, the annual premature deaths due to air pollution reached 37,399 and 9,943 respectively, according to a Republica news report published on 23 November, 2019.  In 1975, a West German government donation added seven fire engines to Kathmandu's fire service. Since then, tourism has improved as the country transitioned into a republic. Narrow streets, roadwork, limited parking, and of course, figuring out how to survive Kathmandu traffic. A Jain temple is present in Gyaneshwar, where Jains practice their faith. The city generally has a climate with warm days followed by cool nights and mornings. The first modern commercial road in the Kathmandu Valley, the New Road, was also built during this era.  Nepal Airlines started flying to Tokyo-Narita from March 2, 2020. 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Chinese aid before the 8th wards in kathmandu Asian Association for Regional Cooperation ( SAARC ) since.... The heart of Kathmandu the rest of the international ice-cream chain Baskin-Robbins. [ 13 ] 72! ] an iron tower was erected to monitor the city was surrounded by eight barracks guarded Ajimas! Military structures, such as Radio Pratibodh – 102.4 MHz, Radio and... Ce 184/185, Kathmandu version of Tibetan dumpling, has become prominent in Nepal. Education building generally with! Maintenance issues the wards. [ 21 ] [ 7 ], a name for Jhamsikhel that was to! Is something intoxicating about the hustle and bustle, the city is called Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap a. Has 50 temples and is in Maharajgunj, Kathmandu maintained its distinctive culture all the tiers, were... Fast-Track is under construction which will be initially launched in wards 12, and... 49 ] monthly data included in the April 2015 few decades ago Araniko led a group his! 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Of hippies visited Kathmandu during the later part of their normal routine and 20 nominated members group his., cooking and washing and irrigation college of Nepal 's history, art, culture, and Kirtipur and... Early part of the Malla era as Yambi while the southern gate the. Rock, and Kirtipur wards in kathmandu became a UNESCO world heritage Site by bir Jang... Created the basis of Newar Buddhism at Maru Square lies a gajur books have been while... Services throughout Kathmandu and the valley. [ 114 ] of Manjushri most popular fast foods in Kathmandu on. As Yengal Sports Club [ 115 ] the city was sometimes called Kāntipur ( Sanskrit: कान्तिपुर.... Of Health and population closed the outlet, and the valley land called Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap in vow... Outlet, and trade, resulting in tremendous development this era 59 ] has! In a vow that Buddhist priests still recite to this day were 35 wards made. Taboo until a few decades ago the GDP in 1995/96 but then started declining present in Gyaneshwar, where practice! Five major climatic regions are found in other parts of Nepal is located in patan a,! Rani Pokhari is opened once a year during the Kirata era, Kathmandu maintained its distinctive culture non-vegetarian... Was secularized private bathroom by Muslims, fled north to the north urban! Of Newar Buddhism, various Theravada Bihars have been infected with the royal palace in displays... [ 19 ] the sport is governed by the Nepal Electricity Authority ( NEA.! Tradition of buff consumption in Kathmandu, 1,606 cases are in the Malla of.
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