what are the effect of climate change in nigeria

The study examined the relative effect of climate change on the productivity of cocoa in Nigeria. Greenhouse gases are gases that trap heat in the atmosphere. Impact as used may be negative or positive or a combination. Increased temperatures, intense heatwaves, more extreme rainfall and floods are expected to intensify existing challenges of communicable diseases, food insecurity and poverty, if action is not taken. Nigeria’s burgeoning population and tropical climate—where temperature is expected to increase faster than the global average—leave its local ecosystems vulnerable to climate change. Nigeria does not have a stand-alone policy that is why lawyers and policy makers are coming together to help propose appropriate legal framework to be able to address climate change… These ecosystems provide direct and indirect services to the population, including nutrient cycling to maintain the fertility of soils, waste decomposition, and pest and disease control. Analysis of Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture. Speaking at the event, Oramah said though Africa contributed less than four per cent of global CO2 emissions, it remained the most vulnerable region to the adverse effects of climate change. There are different types of scenarios for the analysis of impacts of climate change on Agriculture. East Africa. Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Ilorin. Climate change could have a devastating effect on many societies by 2050 without swift and dramatic action to curb global warming, according … Nigeria must take the Climate Agreement seriously and implement those four key elements with patriotic commitment to ensure that negative impacts of climate change are kept at bay in the country. Nigeria has ratified the 2915 Paris Agreement. To this end, a four-Day training workshop began in Abuja, Nigeria on the 8th of December, 2020 to promote, among others, the sustainable management of resources for improving the regional economy while respecting the … A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. Corresponding Author: Ayinla Lateefah Adejumoke However, such increase is found to have beneficial effects on the productivity of a few crops grown in Northern Nigeria. Some stakeholders in the environment sector, last Tuesday, called for more engagements in mitigating the effects of climate change on Nigeria. The impacts of climate change on agricultural systems in Nigeria are likely to be large, motivating the need for additional knowledge to assess current practices and formulate appropriate modifications for both mitigation and adaptation. The stakeholders spoke at the Post-COP25 National Consultative Workshop, organised by Climate and Sustainable Development Network (CSDevNet) in Abuja. Climate change By Daniel Essiet The Country Manager, HarvestPlus Nigeria, Dr Paul Ilona has warned that food inflation is going to persist as climate change continues to harm food production. In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. However, there is strong global evidence for these effects. Climate change is expected to affect every country in the world, but its impact will not be felt equally across all regions. Indeed, Nigeria has long been known to be vulnerable to climate change and its adverse effects, especially on the health and livelihoods of Nigerians. The study of the effect of climate change on agricultural productivity is critical given its impact in changing livelihood patterns in the country. Abuja, 16 November 2015: Climate change is threatening to worsen health problems in Nigeria, the World Health Organization warns in a new Climate and Health Country Profile 2015, published today. The results show that the productivity of more than half of the staple crops in Nigeria is threatened by increase in total annual rainfall and extreme temperature nationally and across states in Nigeria. Data employed were national aggregates of the export crop and climate variables collected from reputable secondary sources covering 1961 – 2010. The vast majority of the literature that provides evidence of climate change impacts and responses, however, focuses on the agricultural sector and on individual farming communities in particular regions of the country. This implies the need for actions and measures to adapt to climate change impacts, and especially as they affect agriculture, the primary sector for Nigerian economy. The stakeholders spoke at the Post-COP25 National Consultative Workshop, organised by Climate and Sustainable Development Network (CSDevNet) in Abuja. Some current farming practices are believed to be adaptive, but further study would provide better assessments. EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FOOD SECURITY AMONG FARMERS IN SOME SELECTED COMMUNITIES IN EDU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA. In Nigeria, in addition to autonomous adaptation, there must also … Climate change, simply put change in weather patterns, according to ncf (Nigerian Conservation Foundation) is unarguably the biggest environmental issue of our time, it is global in its causes but it,s consequences are far more reaching in developing countries particularly Nigeria. The implications of these challenges range from hunger and ill-health to migration. It is evident that Nigeria is already experiencing the effects/impacts of climate change. The Nigerian government on Tuesday said it is providing policies and initiatives aimed at implementing the Paris Agreement to address climate change and other environmental issues in the country. Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. We are constrained by resolution of international agreement that we are party to despite little or no technical input to adopted positions. The impacts of climate change on agricultural production in Africa will have serious implications for food security and livelihoods. In Northeastern Nigeria, ... “Any given country that is already experiencing the adverse impacts of climate change or wants to be thinking about how to mitigate risks or enhance adaptation can develop policies and frameworks to address the gendered impact of climate change and integrate gender equality into all their approaches,” Alam said. But the commonest ones are: •Global circulation models (GCMs) •Regional climate (Simulation) Models (Reg CMs) Analysis of Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture. Ayinla Lateefah Olajumoke1*Henry Olawale Sawyerr1Shegun Victor Oluwatuyi1. The ECOWAS Commission is facilitating the development of climate change projects in order to help in the establishment of a pool of national experts in Member States. This study sought to analyze the perceived effects of climate change on profit efficiency among small scale chili pepper marketers in Benue State, Nigeria. Climate change is increasingly becoming a serious challenge to Nigeria's socioeconomic development. The CSDevNet Board of Trustees Chairman, Dr Ibrahim Choji, said that the event was aimed […] Climatic fluctuation is putting Nigeria’s agriculture system under serious threat and stress. Some stakeholders in the environment sector, last Tuesday, called for more engagements in mitigating the effects of climate change on Nigeria. Various manifestations of its impact are evident in Nigeria, which include increase in drought, scarcity of food instigated somewhat by irregularities in rainfall and over flooding. Between 2014 and 2018, Africa had the highest levels of food insecurity in the world. However, awareness of climate change and its impacts particularly on health is very low in developing countries where it is misconceived to be a distant problem of the developed countries [2]. The full relationship between fisheries and climate change is difficult to explore due to the context of each fishery and the many pathways that climate change affects. Nigeria is yet to be at the forefront of climate change policy forum at regional and international levels despite the alarming effect of changing climate on lives and livelihoods across the 6 geo-political zones of Nigeria. There are a few comprehensive reports and papers that provide useful evidence and discussion of the various impacts of climate change throughout Nigeria. climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). Understanding the perception of marketers of agricultural produce about climate change in agribusiness is paramount to sustain small scale enterprises. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. The paper draws … This is commendable considering it is one of the top six greenhouse gas emitters in Africa. These countries and cities are among the places that will be the worst hit Anambra State Government must be more decisive and be seen as doing its utmost in tackling the challenges posed by climate change across the state. The country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) made under the Paris Agreement embodies the country’s efforts to reduce national emissions and to adapt to the effects of climate change. Nigeria as a country is not unaffected by climate change, as flooding has been noticed in Lagos, Ibadan, and other cities. Nigeria - Nigeria - Climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. The CSDevNet Board of Trustees Chairman, Dr Ibrahim Choji, said that the event was aimed at … It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. Support for this report was provided by the … Nigeria and other developing countries, despite having contributed least to greenhouse gas emissions, are likely to be the worst hit by the impacts due to mainly to the lack of institutional, economic and financial capacity to adapt and cope with changes. CLIMATE change is a worldwide phenomenon but a second look at the topic suggests that Nigeria may be immune from it. Nobody can deny that erratic rainfall, low agricultural output, higher temperature to mention but […] This rapid review synthesises evidence on the impact of climate change in Nigeria (geographic, sectoral, demographic and security impacts) and responses to address it (i.e. Greenhouse gas emissions. This rapid review synthesises evidence on the impact of climate change in Nigeria (geographic, sectoral, demographic and security impacts) and responses to address it (i.e. Implications for food security and livelihoods constrained by resolution of international agreement we! Dry in the world and Sustainable Development Network ( CSDevNet ) in Abuja commendable considering it hot! Adaptive, but its impact in changing livelihood patterns in the world but! To despite little or no technical input to adopted positions CSDevNet ) in Abuja Understanding the perception marketers! 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Practices are believed to be adaptive, but its impact in changing livelihood patterns in the sector... Adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity Development ) farming practices are believed to be adaptive, but impact...

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